Esther 1

Narrative Outline:

  1. The King Displayed His Glory (1:1-9).
  2. The Queen Disobeyed His Command (1:10-12).
  3. The King Declared His Proclamation (1:13-22).


The book of Esther begins in the third year of King Ahasuerus’ reign over the Persian empire [486 – 465 B.C.]. Three years after this king came to the throne, he threw a very long and expensive banquet feast which lasted for a total of 187 days, that is, if you count the seven-day feast in Susa as well. Queen Vashti also held a feast in the palace for all the women.

However, on the very last day of the feast, 187 days of constantly trying to entertain the guests, the king gave orders to have Queen Vashti come and model herself before all the drunk men. When she refused, the king became enraged and asked his advisors what he should do about her disregard for his authority. The last ten verses of this chapter present their response.

Those who were well-versed in the Persian law and customs suggested that Queen Vashti be removed from her position in order to be made a public example. Since they had feared that Vashti’s disobedience would cause a pot of feminism to brew throughout the kingdom, they attempted to snuff this out as quickly as possible. Thus, they had the king send out a royal edict to all the provinces declaring what happened, how it was dealt with, and ordering that all men everywhere would be the masters of their own households.

Sermon Title & Outline:

The Battle of the Wills

  1. Pride is Recognized in the Way You Act (1:1-9).
  2. Pride is Returned in the Way You Deserve (1:10-12).
  3. Pride is Revealed in the Way You Respond (1:13-22).

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